There is a prevalence of bullying in Nigerian schools and any student is bound to fall into the hands of bullies. What is the motive behind bullying? Well, jealousy, feeling less important, poor upbringing or sheer wickedness could make one turn into a bully. The main goal of a bully is to make you feel intimidated and powerless.

Although bullying can be found in homes and workplaces, its prevalence among students in Nigerian schools is alarming. Steps need to be taken to curb this act of violence among students because the effects of bullying in schools can cause mental health, emotional, or social problem on its victims.

In this article, we shall be covering various aspects of bullying such as the types of bullying, how to deal with bullying, guides for parents on how to spot and deal with bullying, and a bit about cyberbullying. Without wasting much time, let's look at the different types of bullying in schools.

Stop Bullying in Schools
A picture of a serial bully | Photo Credit: RODNAE Productions from Pexels
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Types of Bullying

In a simple term, bullying can be defined as an act of causing pain or intimidating a person that is weaker than you.

Boys or girls can be bullies and their aim is to feel better at the detriment of other people's joy. From a recent study, the rate of bullying around the world is on a steady increase and more than 60% of studdents have been bullied at one point.

To curb the menace of bullying, an awareness campaign needs to be carried out on the different types of bullying in secondary school, primary school, and even the university.

By sensitization, pupils and students will know how to steer clear from bullies and also not become one who causes violence and intimidation in school.

Below are the different types of bullying parents and children should know:

Physical Bullying: This is obviously the form of bullying that is known by virtually everyone. It involves using your strength and body size to intimidate people. It could be in the form of slapping, kicking, biting, hair pulling, hitting, etc.

Verbal Bullying: Verbal bullying is common among young students and pupils and it involves the use of vulgar words to hurt other students. The consequence of verbal bullying on students is that it makes them feel dejected and worthless.

Emotional Bullying: This form of intimidation can be very manipulative and its aim is to make its victim feel isolated from other students. Children can be easily blackmailed and when this happens, they tend to lose their social skills.

Sexual Intimidation: Both boys and girls and guilty of this form of bullying and it is becoming very common in schools in Nigeria. It involves unsolicited touching, sexual name-calling, offensive gestures, etc. Sexual bullying could lead to sexual abuse and it is very appalling.

Tribal Bullying: With the huge number of tribes we have in Nigeria, some of the major tribes believe they are more important than others. This is common among secondary school students, university students, and adults.

Cyberbullying: With the advent of the internet, cyberbullying has become one of the major types of bullying in Nigeria and other parts of the world. Social media websites and forums are where you will likely find this set of bullies.

Whether pupils, students, or adults, everyone should be aware of these kinds of bullying in schools and other places and effort should be made to put an end to it. It is the duty of teachers, parents, the government, and the general public to save children from this unacceptable behaviour known as bullying.

How to Deal with Bullying in Nigerian Schools

Being bullied is not a pleasant experience because it makes one feel awful. Unfortunately, this behaviour is common in our society and any student or child can be caught up in it.

Nevertheless, as a child or an adult that is being bullied, you can take consolation from the fact that you are not alone in this. Pupils and students in primary school, secondary school, and even university are passing through this unacceptable behaviour from bullies.

As parents and teachers, you must make sure you do your best in protecting children from school bullying and show them how to deal with violence. If not dealt with, it could affect the study rate of a child, which will, in turn, affects the child's education in the future.

Below are some comebacks for bullies or ways to deal with bullies:

  • Try as much as possible to avoid a bully by walking away from him/her
  • Since bullies like to prey on students who always like being alone, make sure you are always around your friends in school
  • Have some comebacks for bullies. e.g., reply to them with phrases like "do you feel good saying this?" "Grow up," "enough of all these," "I expected better from you," etc.
  • Try to talk to your parents, teachers, or any trusted person about what you are going through in school
  • Be bold when confronted by a bully
  • Be positive and never think you are the problem. 
  • Throw a bully off balance by making jokes about his/her unacceptable behaviour

These are just a few things you can do to deal with bullies in schools. You can also make further research to get more resources about the evil perpetration called bullying.

Now, there are also some things not to do when being bullied. As a child, below are what not to do when confronted by a bully or when being bullied

  • Don't ever think of retaliating by looking for a weaker student to take advantage of. 
  • Never allow a bully to make you miss school or attend an exciting activity
  • While being bullied is never a good experience, do not think of harming yourself because of it

As parents, it is your duty to protect your children from violence or victimization. The subheading below will talk about how parents can identify and deal with bullies.

Types of Bullying
A placard against bullying | Photo Credit: RODNAE Productions from Pexels

A Guide for Nigerian Parents on How to Spot and Deal with Bullies

From a report in a journal, it was revealed that about 78% of students reported victimization from bullies. A report also revealed that about 85% of pupils and students are likely to have been bullied at least once in school.

In most cases, victims of bullying suffer from a mental health problem, emotional trauma, and a lack of social skills.

To save these victims from lagging behind in their academic pursuits, parents need to come in to play their role in this. Parents must equip themselves with the right information on how to identify a bully and the steps to take to deal with bullies.

There are different types of bullies to be wary of and below are they:

  • Serial bullies - This set can bully a child for years
  • Bully-victims - They have been bullied in the past and would want to bully others
  • Group bullies - They only have the power to bully whenever they are with friends
  • Popular bullies - These are the big boys and girls in school that tend to use their size and strength on the smaller students
  • Unemotional bullies - they just derive pleasure in causing harm to people. They are indifferent about situations

Having said this, parents now know the different types of bullies that can trouble their children in schools. The next thing to know is how to deal with the situation.

Below are some factors to consider when trying to deal with bullies in your child's life:

  • Always observe your child at home and see if there is any change in his/her behaviour
  • Don't be harsh to your children at home whenever they approach you on this subject matter
  • Retaliating is never the way to go. Don't ever have an altercation with a bully or a bully's parents
  • Provide some comebacks for bullies your child can use right away
  • Help your child develop his/her self-esteem by allowing your child to participate in public events
  • Learn from others or collaborate with others to make the load lighter on you. 

Nigerian bullying another Nigerian is common in the country. As parents, you will be doing a great job by helping your children know how to deal with the perpetration of unacceptable acts.

Bullying in Schools
Father and daughter spending some quality time together | Photo Credit: August de Richelieu from Pexels

What is Cyberbullying and How to Avoid it in Nigeria?

As it is always said, there is always at least a bad side to most situations. The same applies to the internet!

Since the advent of the internet, quite a lot of things have been easier for us. You can now study and pursue your education goals online, shop online, and even connect with friends from all around the world. There are numerous advantages of the internet but one that spoils it is CYBERBULLYING.

What is cyberbullying? it simply is the act of using electronic media to cause others pain or make them feel worthless. The prevalence of cyberbullying in Nigeria is something to be worried about because it is seriously affecting the mental state of its victims. Apart from mental health, there are other havocs caused by cyberbullying.

Can cyber bullying stop? Well, it may be very difficult to completely stop this menace but steps can be taken to curtail its effect on victims. Below are ways to deal with cyberbullying in Nigeria and other parts of the world:

  • Don't reply to bullies when they send you derogatory messages
  • Save the message or videos of bullying for future reference
  • Since cyberbullies are mostly found on forums and social media, report them to the admins of the website
  • Block the bully and delete his/her messages

Rounding off this article, we believe you have learned some key points about bullying and how to help your children from overcoming this heinous act.

 

 

 

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Justin

A seasoned writer with a knack for various niches. As a physics graduate, I enjoy carrying out detailed research on a particular topic before drafting up an eye-catching and engaging article.