According to research and a report by UNICEF, 1 out of every 5 kids in the world that are not in school is a Nigerian. Only about 61 per cent of young children regularly attend primary school and just about 35.6 per cent of children aged 36-59 months get the privilege of early childhood education.
In Nigeria, the term 'dropout' usually refers to a student who didn't complete their university education. However, it's not only the university system that experience student dropping out of school. Students in secondary school also drop out of school but in a low percentage compared to the university.
Even though education is a great global asset, students in Nigeria and other countries worldwide still drop out of school for different reasons.
Dropping out of school is not something nice to experience, as school dropouts experience social rejection. In addition, most of them don't have access to good jobs and are forced to work at jobs with low pay.
In this article, we'll be talking about the causes of students dropping out of school and how to salvage the situation.
Why Do Students Drop Out of School?
The rate at which students drop out of school increases by the year. Many things are attached to students dropping out of school, and we'll be talking about them bit by bit.
The Strict School Systems
The Nigerian schooling system, especially government schools, puts academic pressure on students. From writing junior WAEC, SSCE, JAMB to POST UTME, getting into the university is quite hard.
School authorities in high school, including teachers, are not helping matters. Instead, they keep punishing students for not doing well in class while expecting them to have the right attitude to school work.
When students eventually get into college or university, the struggle continues from the first year of higher education till the last day of the final year. Students have to deal with tedious course registration while being expected to attend classes.
They even write tests and exams without proper learning materials from the school.
All these are enough to discourage students from learning. Not all students can handle the number of demands the national school systems require from them. This is why most students pull out of the education system.
High School Fees Rate
Another reason people give for dropping out of school is the inability to pay the tuition fee on time. And once you don't pay on time, you will be missing out on a school year which is not something anyone would want to experience.
The way the price of things is increasing in Nigeria has made school fees increase, particularly in private schools. Not every parent has a means of high income. Hence, this has made it difficult for most students to keep up with their school fees payment deadline.
Some parents, especially in rural areas, seem not to be bothered about their children's education. They neglect them and expect them to fend for themself. These children grow up to be independent of their parents and send themselves to school from the little income they earn.
An unsupportive family is usually a result of the poor educational background of the parents, low income, and broken homes.
These parents in the rural environment always give the excuse that their parents didn't send them to school and that they earn a pretty low income. This is enough to encourage students to drop out of school.
The family should be the first support system for any child. They should be supportive of their children's education, as this will keep them going irrespective of the strict school and university learning system.
Not Having the Right Attitude Towards School
Students not liking school are usually common in public primary and secondary schools. Most of these students were usually forced to go to school by their parents.
Moreover, some of them abscond from school without their parents' knowledge. They don't attend tests and exams either.
The teacher rarely knows what's going on most of the time due to the large classes in public schools.
Too Many Failed Courses
This is a significant discouragement for any student. In addition, once a student fails multiple courses within a session, keeping up with their grades will be tough.
Due to this, most students prefer dropping out of college or the university on their own before the school sends them away. Most of these students who drop out rarely enrol in other schools.
Roles of The Government and National Education Systems in Preventing School Dropouts
There are measures that the government and national educational system can put up to reduce the number of students dropping out of school.
Here are some of them:
Making Financial Donations to Students in Need of Financial Support
The financial issue is one of the most common reasons students drop out of school. Many students are interested in going to school, including those in rural areas. However, they only need opportunities to go to school and funding.
Government should find out from schools about students who are in dire need to pay their tuition fees. Soon this will go a long way in preventing students from dropping out.
Orientation in Rural Areas About the Usefulness of Education
Parents in rural areas are not always supportive of their children going to. They prefer that they help them on the farm or learn trading skills. This is very understandable since that is what they grew up to know. An orientation won't be too much to put them to work.
Sensitizing parents in rural areas about the good of quality education will go a long way. This will help them know what quality education can do for them and their children.
Also, most families in rural areas usually don't send their girls to school, saying it's no use. Some of these girls eventually decide to go to school, but their families don't support them.
Hence, communicating with these parents about the importance of sending their girls to school could help change their minds about it.
Guidance and Counseling
Counselling students should be a normal thing in a school system. This should be done with students that are not doing well in school or students with broken families from time to time.
This should be done in primary and secondary schools and higher academic institutions by someone with good counselling skills.
Many students are going through a lot and tend to retreat from social activities. The only thing they need is to talk to someone about it. They need someone to help and give them encouraging words to keep them going.
For university students who fail multiple courses, the school can advise such students to try out other schools instead of watching them drop out and give up on school.
Every student has the right to talk about their academic struggle. The school should have a unit for counselling students. This will reduce the chances of students deciding to drop out of school.
Allowing Students to Defer an Academic Year
Students who can't keep up with the academic work for the year should be allowed to defer that session instead of forcing themselves to keep up, which could be detrimental to their school grades.
Students who cannot pay their tuition fee on time can also opt for this instead of the School sending them away or choosing to drop out. The school should allow them to register for the missed session the following year.
Private Academic Support in Preventing School Dropouts
Struggling with the school learning systems is a significant factor causing students to drop out. In addition, many students find it challenging to cope with school work, including the stress that comes with it.
Different private academic support can help or aid struggling students and prevent them from dropping out of school.
Academic support involves private teaching, extra classes, quality new study strategies, and the quality relationship between a teacher and a student.
Private academic support is an effective way to ensure that students get to work. In addition, this helps their education and learning process. This learning system help students see education as something useful for them.
Students always see private class as a free space to ask questions, be free with their teacher, make mistakes, and learn. This is because of the free and easy access to the teacher.
Students learning in a new environment outside their classrooms gives them a sense of relaxation, which helps calm their minds and take in what they are learning.
The excellent part of private academic support in children's education is that their private teacher will be able to revise their school work with them constantly. This helps students learn, assimilate well, and cope with any difficulty that they might face in school.
To get good tutoring services, you can check out Superprof. It is a global tutoring website where you can find experienced teachers with good teaching skills.
Private teachers can also use and recommend online resources for their students, but they must ensure by researching that the resource is in line with what is to be taught before giving it out to students. Online resources help students to learn with a new teaching system.
University and college student also needs private teaching and academic support as much as students in primary and secondary schools. So, they need to admit that they need help and go for it.
Students in college and university can opt-in for private teaching if they see the need to. Nobody is too big to seek help.
You can get help with your university or college courses from experienced private teachers who will give quality teaching and explanation on any of your courses. You can always do this in your free time. This will go a long way to prevent failing a course or dropping out of school.
Learning in a new environment outside the crowded lecture theatre is a good getaway. In addition, this helps students in higher institutions improve their studies.
Access to online learning resources in your free time is a great idea for private learning and development. The global internet houses the quality information you need about any course. Also, you can learn from different people across the world and in other countries.
The platform that connects tutors and students