Choosing a career path is a vital decision you have to make for your future. Also, choosing a course to study at a national or international university can significantly affect your career performance and management, the job you plan to do, and where you plan to work in the future.
This is why you need all the guidance you can get in your career management process.
Many career paths are lucrative in our nation, Nigeria. In this case, the only thing is to figure out the right one for yourself.
Ask many Nigerian students about the course they’re studying. You'll hear most of them say they aren’t doing what they want to do. This also happens at the international level of education. It's sometimes due to the lack of academic guidance and career management.
For students in Nigeria who are yet to get into the university, you still have time to think and seek guidance to understand what you want to study in school and the right career to pursue to aid your career development process.
To do this, you can consider an academic appraisal for assessing your academic performance to get the opinion of others which will help you in your career development and management process whether you're reading law, medicine & surgery, or any other course.
In this article, we'll be discussing academic appraisals and how they can help you in your studies and career management in Nigeria.
What Does Academic Appraisal Mean?
Anyone can use an appraisal. For example, it can be used in companies and business organisations in Nigeria and other global industries to review the progress of their staff or employees and to improve customer experience.
It can also be used personally to carry out career and academic analysis to manage progress and work on weaknesses.
Just like an appraisal is being used in business and work environments for the customer base and employees respectively, it can also be used in education. At each stage of academic progress, different appraisal methods can be introduced to monitor students’ progress in school.
An academic appraisal is a way of assessing your academic performance to know your strengths and weaknesses, which shows your academic performance. This will guide you in choosing what to study at the university and your career choice.
A student who does well in school and has good social behaviour is a good employee or business staff in the labour market.
This academic evaluation involves gathering information about your academic performance, which can be done via teachers’ observation during class activities. You can also do a self-assessment to review how well you read and study.
An academic appraisal will help you review your academic performance to know the career choice that will work for you, thereby saving you from channelling your energy to the wrong career path and saving you a lot of time.
In the context of seeking academic support, your academic appraisal will help your career tutor work better with you. Since they know your performance, strength, and weakness, it’s easier for them to provide good solutions.
In your career development process, your academic appraisal, your behaviour and your social preference will help you know the right career and job to can venture into and the global opportunities that come with it.
A student’s academic appraisal is not solely based on education performance. There are other factors to be considered as well. Some of them include:
- Performance in different school subject
- Students' psychology and behaviour to study time
- Ability to meet teachers’ expectations
- Social preference
- Other interests
Using an Academic Appraisal in Nigeria
Any student can make use of an academic appraisal in Nigeria irrespective of their level of education. No one is too early to start planning out their future job or business. You should have known what you would want to do before writing major exams in the nation like WAEC, NECO, and JAMB.
In a case where you’re not so sure about what you want to do after school, or you feel you're not doing well enough in your studies, you might want to give an academic appraisal a shot.
Using an academic appraisal helps you focus on your academic development and improve your studies. It also boosts your confidence when making career choices.
For secondary school students, you can talk to counsellors or teachers in your school to help you out with your academic appraisal. This might involve them giving you a reorientation asking you to read some thesis, and monitoring your study behaviour.
These men and women can also help you out with different methodologies of studying. Some might even encourage you to research a study paper that can be useful to you.
University students can reach out to their course advisor, the head of your department or a trusted master's student for counselling and review their academic performance.
There is no law against asking someone for help. In addition, your course advisor should be able to recommend books to read and help you analyse different aspects of your course to keep you on track.
Here's an article on using the services of JAMB to make career choices.
Methodology of Academic Appraisal
Evaluation and assessment of your educational process can be done with different methods. It can also be scientific since it involves observing human performance and psychology and drawing conclusions from the observation.
These methods help analyse your academic performance and your behaviour in school work.
As a Nigerian student, here is some methodology that you can use in the analysis of your academic performance:
- Summative assessment: This helps analyse students' learning process, usually at the end of a class, term, paper, thesis, research project, or session.
- Formative assessment: This is another methodology for learning performance analysis used to monitor a student's academic process. This could help students identify their strong and weak points and how they can be addressed.
- Self-assessment: This form of assessment involves taking note of your education performance, behaviour, and social interest. You can take an online assessment or download and print out a ready-made assessment form online to make things easier.
Writing appraisals does not only help you in your studies. It also helps you in a case where you don’t know what to do after school, what job you want to work at or how you can fit into the job market after school. You can always bank on the outcome of your appraisal.
- Behaviour assessment: this is another determinant of students’ academic performance. A thesis backing this is Waberg’s theory of academic achievement, where it’s mentioned that the behaviour psychology of a student and their psychological environments affect their education output.
Your social or human relationships with other students and how often you participate in class activities can all be assessed in the context of academic performance.
The objective of these methods of assessment is to provide evidence of appropriate learning which can help you prepare an academic appraisal that will help you with the following:
- Help you know your strengths based on your academic and behavioural performance
- Help you work on your weaknesses and the human mind with the motivation to do better in your studies
- Help you do global research and understand what you want to study in the university, your dream job, and where you can work.
- Know the different criteria for master's and other degrees, either in Nigeria or international schools in London and other parts of the world
- Help you discover a career path that is relevant to the job market
You can follow these assessment methods by taking a behavioural test either online or with your paper and pen. There are many personal and career development tests you can attempt, and you can also jot things down while in the process as you gather evidence of your academic progress.
You can also get academic appraisals from Nigerian career management agencies that are licensed to operate by the law.
If you need a well-detailed appraisal of your academic performance, you can visit Superprof's website to find seasoned tutors that can help you with that.
You will get good study support and guidance from tutors on Superprof and many of them offer the first hour of their lessons to you for free.
How to Create an Academic Appraisal
An appraisal involves you assessing and evaluating your academic performance to aid your educational development process and study methods. It could also be useful when selecting job options.
Creating an academic appraisal is all about your learning and career management. Some of the things that make up an excellent academic appraisal include:
Developing Your Evaluation Form
To develop a good evaluation form, you can ask your school counsellors or any staff teacher for help. Also, you can research and download a good evaluation paper online to avoid being biased.
Your evaluation form must contain relevant evaluation questions, which you must be able to read and take your time to understand the context.
The evaluation questions must be scientific and cover your academic performance, interest, personality, social preference, and aptitude. In addition, the evaluation must be able to help you create study and career development opportunities.
Identifying What to Review Your Performance With
After carefully filling out your performance assessment form, you must have a standard you’re comparing your outcome with.
This could be based on information or data from a local or international university or resource materials about getting your career choice right. Whatever it is, academic appraisals will help you see where you’re falling short and how you can do better.
Discuss Your Evaluation Outcome to Get Feedback
Now that you are done with your assessment and evaluation process, you don’t want to conclude based on your perspective alone. You could use public opinion as well. You may speak with your teachers or counsellors and bank on their comments to do this.
You should also take along your evaluation form to help them counsel you.
You can also take part in a peer assessment to get public opinion and feedback.
You can hand out your evaluation form to your classmates to read. This will help them review it and pass valuable comments that you should note. In addition, when using the peer appraisal method, don’t involve your close friends to get unbiased comments.
In conclusion, it doesn't matter whether you attend the University of Lagos or any type of school in Nigeria or internationally, anyone may require an academic appraisal at some point.
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