There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work learning from failure.” ~ General Colin Powell
To transit from the 9th year of the basic education class to the senior secondary, the NECO (BECE) is an examination in Nigeria that is conducted for candidates in their third year of Junior Secondary School. NECO means national examination council (Nigeria) and BECE means Basic Education Certificate Examination.
Each state in Nigeria including FCT (Abuja) conducts BECE for all its state and federal school candidates in basic 9. Private Secondary schools also take part in the NECO BECE provided they are permitted by their State Ministries of Education. Eighteen subjects are administered at the BECE level and a candidate is expected to sit for a maximum of ten subjects. A candidate is said to have successfully passed the exam if the student cleared six subjects including English Language and Mathematics.
NECO (BECE) Junior secondary list of subjects are:
2. English Language
3. Integrated Science
4. Agricultural Science
5. Physical Education
6. Introductory Technology
7. Social Studies
8. Religious Studies
9. Business Studies
10. Local Language
13. Civic Education
14. Home Economics
15. Cultural & Creative Arts
The top 6 subjects a candidate must enrol for the NECO(BECE) examinations are:
2. English Language
4. Civic Education
5. Agricultural Science
For every examination done in the world, there is always a grading system to assess a candidates educational performance and the grading system used under the NECO (BECE) is as follows:
A – Distinction
B – Upper Credit
C – Lower Credit
P – Pass
F – Fail
If you're about to sit your NECO (BECE) in a few months or weeks, we wish you success and hope you've studied well and are thoroughly ready. If you're not, you still have time to engage a Superprof tutor in Nigeria to make sure you will face your exams with complete confidence and come out in flying colours.
So let us get down to what brought you to this article. As you continue reading, you will understand what the curriculum for business studies in the junior secondary level covers and what to expect when sitting for the NECO (BECE).
An Introduction To Business Studies Syllabus
A surprising number of people from a very young age already are considering a career in business in which the desire may have been influenced by their parents, what they see on social media, television or people they have come in contact with as they grow and make career decisions.
“The more you learn, the more you earn.” ― Frank Clark
Business activity affects the daily lives of all Nigerians as they work, spend, save and invest. It influences Jobs. Incomes and opportunities for personal enterprise.
The curriculum for business studies at the junior secondary level is seen as a major opportunity for imparting skill and competency to students which will later increase the rate of economic growth, creation of Job opportunities thereby redacting the rate of poverty among Nigeria students as they grow. It is believed that whether a student takes the business career path or not, they will one way or the other encounter the world of business as they progress in life.
Junior secondary school business studies is an integrated approach to the study of business administration; which is a degree at the tertiary level. NECO (BECE) business studies syllabus covers dealing with money and transactions, interacting with people in various capacities and how to get things done. It also guarantees marketable skills that are suitable to a range of career fields from accounting to management.
The business studies syllabus in Nigeria is also intended to make the student technologically literate and to acquire skills that expose him/her to the world of work.
The syllabus for business studies is for 3 years at the junior secondary level and at the end of the third year, JSS students will sit for the Basic Education Certificate Examinations (BECE) conducted by the Lagos State Ministry of Education and National Examinations Council.
Components Of The Business Studies Curriculum
The components of the Business studies syllabus basically teaches how the office functions, how to keep accounting records and enter transactions into the different accounting books, it teaches how to keep documents, how to own and run a small business enterprise, manage staffs, and manipulate the keyboard of a typewriter and the computer for the enhancement of business.
The components of the syllabus at the junior level is as follows:
- Office practice
- Computer studies.
The above components combine elements of accountancy, finance, marketing, organizational studies and operations. NECO (BECE) Business Studies syllabus is aimed at providing students with the knowledge, understanding and skills needed for productive work or activity.
The syllabus for business studies at the junior secondary level is taught from basic 7-9 and should be noted that each basic class has 3 terms in a session, which further means that business studies are taught for 9 terms in the 3 years st the junior secondary level. We shall take a look at what the curriculum from basic 7-9 covers as you continue reading.
Basic 7 curriculum from term 1-3 covers the following topics:
- Meaning and branches of business studies
- What is an office
- Open office and closed office
- Different between open and closed office
- The function of an office
- Different department and their functions
- Clerical officer
- Industry, commerce and direct service
- Relationship between producer and consumers
- Forms of business organization
- Double-entry system
- Books of account
- Ledger accounts
- The receptionist
Basic 8 curriculum from term 1-3 covers the following topics:
- Procedure for the receipt of mail in an organization
- Sales and purchase documents
- Forms of trade
- Procedure for buying and selling
- Channels and chains of distribution
- Types of visitors to an organization
- The retailer
- Determining the typing space
- Operating of the shift key
- Relationship between the cost of production and selling price
- Types of bank account
- Bank statement
- Keyboard, Home key
- Type of typewriter
- Commercial banks
- Cheque system
Basic 9 curriculum from term 1-3 covers the following topics:
- Short forms
- Past tense
- Upward and downward ‘R”
- Ch, J, SH, strokes
- Petty cash book
- Trial balance
- Trading account
- Profit and loss account
- The balance sheet of a sole trader
- The setting of line spacing
- Technique development and main method of paragraphing
- Types of paper used in typing
- Erasing techniques
- Types of insurance
- The central bank of Nigeria (CBN)
- Organizational chart
- Method of payment
- Store records and requisition form
- Office machine
The above syllabus covers three important aspects of a business which is the financial, human and operational aspect. we shall briefly discuss these three aspects to help you understand how it relates to the study of business.
Finance helps management gain a clear understanding of the company's current financial position, particularly whether the business is profitable or not. It includes building a strong business model, keeping up-to-date books and securing adequate financing by constantly updating your financial statements and balance sheets to track your expenses and inflow.
The financial aspects of business clearly impact operations. If there are no funds available, a business can not operate. The operations section of a business plan contains a summary and relevant detail about how a business will be run day-to-day. The Operational factors depend on the type of business you are operating. It could be internal or external forces that can affect the operations of a business.
The Human Aspect
Paying an employee is an operational cost. However, treating them well is essential to keeping the staff motivated to ensure job satisfaction and productivity. Every time a business hires and trains a new employee, they're investing in their company and in that person. It is vital staffs are properly catered for so that they do not take all the training and development and investment done by the company on the staff to another company.
The NECO (BECE) Registration for 2021 started in February and the Exam date is Between April and May 2021.
The Benefits of The NECO(BECE) Business Studies Syllabus
It can now be seen that by this list of topics mentioned in the syllabus, Business Studies is a far-reaching topic that could take you just about anywhere, career-wise. Business studies will introduce you to the business world that will help you gain in-depth knowledge and understanding of the core elements of business and management. You will see how to investigate new business opportunities and how to grow an existing business. The benefit is also far beyond a career path in business, the skills that will be taught and learnt in the syllabus are transferable to virtually any career you may later be interested in.
Selecting business studies as one of the subjects you will write for the NECO (BECE) examinations will probably be one of the best decisions you will make. The knowledge you will gain will help you in whatever career path you choose even also the business-related one. We are in the world of business no matter if it is science or arts or technologically related. This is the reason being that all organizations have a business-related unit. The main reason it is continually encouraged in Nigeria is that you will also have the core elements to start your own business - all you need is a business idea to get you started.
“Recipe for success: Study while others are sleeping; work while others are loafing; prepare while others are playing; and dream while others are wishing.” – William A. Ward
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